Capital city: Ulaanbaatar /UB/
Territory: 1,556,500 km2
Total population: 3 196 742 (2018.03.29)
Population of UB: 1 372 000
Mongolia stretches for 2392 km from the west to the east and 1259 km from the north to the south, bordering Russia to the north and China to the south. Mongolia’s landscape is dominated mostly by steppe from the central region to the east, desert from the south to the west and forest-steppe in the northern regions. In the west there is the Mongol Altai mountain range which stands more than 3000-4000 meters high. Mongolia does not have a coastline. However, it is a wonderful country with highlands, rivers and steppes.
The official language is Mongolian using the Cyrillic (Russian) alphabet. Ethnic Kazakh people inhabit the western part of Mongolia (Bayan-Ulgii province) speaking the Kazakh language. Around 90 percent of the population is Khalkh, though the population includes around 40 different ethnicities such as Khazakh and Buriad ethnic groups.
Mongolia has continental dry weather. For the majority of days in summer temperature rise above 300C. However, the temperature can suddenly drop and snow falls. Summer days are long and it gets dark around 10 p.m. In winter temperatures are minus 20-300 C and relevant measures are needed to protect against cold. Mongolian weather is dry and static electricity is common. The weather becomes cold at the beginning of October and stays cold until April the following year. Over the course of the year, there is little.
The official currency of Mongolia is the Tugrug (MNT). As of .10 march 2019, 1 USD was equal to 2,564.00 MNT. (Central bank of Mongolia) 10 different bank notesare used in Mongolia including. 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10000 and 20000 Tugrug notes. Coins are not used in Mongolia.
1st of January:New Year
Middle of February: Tsagaan Sar- Mongolian Lunar New Year. Three days of holiday follow the start of the lunar New Year. This Lunar New Year Celebration is different from the Chinese New Year and it is celebrated on different day each year.
8th of March: Women’s day
1st of June: Children’s day
11th of July: Naadam- National Revolution Holiday. During Naadam, Mongolians celebrate during have three days of national holiday.
26th of November: Independence Day
Taxis: When you require a txi, you just need to raise your hand. “Private” taxis are sedan cars without any signs. Payment of private taxi is charged based on total kilometers as such taxis do not have meters. Private taxis cost MNT1000per kilometers as of march 2018.
Bus: Buses charge MNT 500 constanly from each person. Buses charche U MONEY CARD only constahly from each person. Bus stop is U MONEY CARD charched person.